THE COMPLETE SELF-INSTRUCTING LIBRARY OF PRACTICAL PHOTOGRAPHY // PUBLIC DOMAIN
With all the current debate about the responsible use of image manipulation in magazines and advertising, you might think that subtly changing photographs to suit beauty ideals is only as old as PhotoShop.
Even those considered among the most beautiful women in the world (examples here), are not protected from the Photoshop Retoucher (read an interview here with one retoucher here).
But while PhotoShop has made the process much easier, manipulating people’s faces in photos goes back over a hundred years.
This article by the blog Mental Floss examines the ideals that the technicians of the time were trying to achieve by hand. Some of them are familiar – such as the smoothing of wrinkles below – while others are strange – like the smoothing of collar bones above.